You can choose one of these Qoustions: Question 1: How Orientalism work as a political tool of colonialism. Therefore, how we can apply national consciousness as a powerful strategy to fight against colonialism. You have to answer this question according to the ideas that the course’ readings addressed. Course’ readings: - Discourse on colonialism by Aimé Césaire - Orientalism by Edward Said - Franz Fanon , " Trials and Tribulations of National Consciousness " You have to use one outside source to support your arguments. You have to use the outside source just from scholarly articles in JSTOR site. https://www.jstor.org/ Suggested Resources: - “Orientalism: The Making of the Other” by Shehla Burney - “Orientalism' and Its Critics” by Fred Halliday Question 2: Focus on the issues or problems that most engage you or that seem the most important to you in any the readings. This assignment requires that you incorporate two scholarly essays or book chapters germane to your texts or to the theme or problem that you are addressing. Course’ readings: - Simone de Beauvoir , The Second Sex ( excerpts ) . - Judith Butler , " Performative Acts and Gender Constitution " . Or - what is enlightenment by immanuel kant - what is enlightenment by michel Foucault You have to use one outside source to support your arguments. You have to use the outside source just from scholarly articles in JSTOR site. https://www.jstor.org/ Suggested Resources: - Kant's Rhetoric of Enlightenment by Michael Clark Assignment instructions: a. you should put your research question b. your main thesis c. an explanation of the significance of the problem you are thinking about (why does this matter, or why is it important?) d. an annotated bibliography for your outside sources Title your essay on your first page. Format: 12-point type, double-spaced, page numbers, and a Works Cited list with appropriate bibliographical information.