title / feng shui ? how feng shui works? <I. Introduction. < <A. At
title / feng shui ? how feng shui works? <
I. Introduction. <
A. Attention-Grabber. This will be the same as before. You can start your speech with a question, a quotation, a story, some statistics, or a joke. Please remember that you are writing in a first person active voice. Instead of saying, “I am going to tell a joke,” just write out the joke, “Wanna hear a joke about my paper outline? Never mind, it’s tear-able.” <
B. Audience Analysis. This is new to this speech. This is where you answer the question, “why is this important to my audience?” I would suggest looking at Chapter 11, pages 217-219 for some help. Usually there is some argument as to why the audience should listen because it affects them directly—your topic will save them from a problem, teach them something that will help them, or quantifies how many people are impacted by your topic. <
C. Credibility (Ethos). If you have used a quotation or statistic from an expert source in your attention-grabber or your audience analysis statement, then you DO NOT need this step. If you haven’t cited an outside source yet, here is the place to do it. You want to establish your credibility early, that way the audience believes that you have “done your homework” or have some research to justify your claims. I prefer that you use a quotation from an expert source that you have found from the databases. Remember that when you cite a quotation in a speech, you need to VERBALLY cite the source BEFORE the quotation and the more you cite the better. The ideal citation should include the qualifications of the author, the author’s name, the title of the article, and the date—before the quotation. <
D. Thesis statement. You want to have a clear declarative statement that states your topic area and then PREVIEWS the 2-4 supporting areas of analysis. Pretty much, it will sound like this: “The topic of _________ is of extreme importance to our lives, in order to better understand _________, it is necessary to look at #1) _____, #2) ______, and #3) ______.” <
II. Body of your speech (first point). I would advise looking at Chapter 11 on how to organize your main points, particularly pages 226-231. You want to have logic to your points, they could be organized chronologically (past, present, future), they could be spatial (top, middle, bottom), or any of the other forms discussed in the text. <
A. Topic sentence for your first point. Just like in a good essay, you want to start every point off with a clear topic sentence that summarizes your major claim and ties it back to your thesis statement. The topic sentence should sound very similar and use some of the wording from the preview in your thesis statement. <
B. Supporting Proof/Evidence. Aristotle referred to these as your “inartistic proofs.” Usually this is where you back your point up with more quotations, but you can also use examples, illustrations, definitions, testimony, statistics, anecdotes, or stories. <
C. Remember that throughout your outline you should include speaking cues, this could be changing a slide or taking a dramatic pause, but remember that you should include reminders to how you are delivering your speech to your audience. Please also note that this does not have to be the “C” sub-point of each of your points, but rather littered throughout your speech as you see fit. <
D. Transition. As you finish your first point, you want to have a smooth transition to your second point. I would suggest looking at Chapter 12, page 245 for some examples. At a basic level, you should have something that says, “Now that we talked about _____, let us turn to ____.” <
III. Body of your speech (second point). This is pretty much the same as above. <
A. Topic sentence for your second point. You want to make sure this is a declarative statement that is very similar to your preview and to the second half of the transition you put in at the end of point one. <
B. More supporting proof, evidence, quotations, etc. Remember to include speaking cues if you are switching slides or swapping posters. <
C. Transition. As you finish your second point, again you want to have a smooth transition to your final point. You can even elevate this transition with an “internal summary,” where you repeat points one and two before previewing and moving into point three. <
IV. Body of your speech (third point). This is again, pretty much the same as above. <
A. Topic sentence for your third point. You want another clear statement that is similar to the last point you previewed in your thesis and also matched the end of the transition you placed at the end of your second point. <
B. More supporting proof, evidence, quotations, etc. Remember your speaking cues as well. As a personal choice, I tend to put my strongest evidence in my final point, this will help to pull the audience back in if they are starting to lose focus. <
C. Some people put a transition into the conclusion here, but it is not necessary. <
V. Conclusion. As a side note, remember that you can have 2 or 4 points in your informative speech—you can add to or remove any of the earlier points if you see fit. <
A. Restate/review your main points. This should sound very similar to your thesis/preview statement that you had as the last point in your introduction. It should sound something like, “We have gone over the topic of ________ by looking at: #1) _____, #2) _____, and #3) _____.” You should also have a couple of sentences that “bring it home,” discussing what the audience learned, the implications of your topic, or any other concluding observations. <
B. End with a BANG! You want to end on a powerful final note, instead of just saying something like “thank you for your time.” You could do this stylistically with a dramatic crescendo or a diminutive final statement (as noted in the lecture video). If you started with a story, you could “bookend” the speech by pulling it back to the story. You could also end with a final quotation. This is the final thought that you leave with the audience—you want to end in the most powerful way you can. <
Works Cited/References <

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