this is a remote sensing(GIS) paper not english essay Title: The one sentence that captures the entire paper Abstract: One concise paragraph that captures the essence of the paper. Will include key research findings. Will not share the first sentence with the Introduction section. 1. Introduction The introduction begins with a “bold” statement that expresses the motivation for the paper. It could be a need or requirement, or it may be a little dramatic to catch the reader’s attention “Invasive species are the greatest risk to ecosystem health facing the world today.” This sentence is normally not referenced. The remainder of this paragraph will guide the reader through what motivates the study. The first few sentences will be high level generalities with few references. At the end of the first paragraph, the authors will draw your attention to a key need followed by a few references used to establish that this need is valid. The second paragraph builds from these high-level concepts and sets the discussion framework by establishing that this is a viable thing that is being researched. Expect to find many references. It will follow a “funnel” logic with broader concepts (say global issues) down to more focused concepts at the end. This “funnel” is a multi-level concept, it will flow within any single paragraph, but also within the introduction section. The third paragraph is starting to get some focus and by the end of this paragraph we have a much clearer idea where/what is done in a general sense (again, one step down the funnel in the introduction). The fourth paragraph will bring the central idea (say, remote sensing is the answer to your problem) into focus. The final paragraph of the introduction tells the reader what the point of the paper is and where we’re going. In a research paper, this would be the study objectives. Review Area #1: Start with the largest/most important area. Again, use the funnel technique within the section and within each paragraph. Review Area #2 and so on. Follow the same pattern that you’ve already established. These will be more detailed studies etc. Conclusion: Starts with a one sentence review of what the paper was about. Then address the motivation (see first sentence of the introduction) and then provides a short summary. This section refers to specific important works and provides some details on those. The real meat of the conclusions is in the last two paragraphs that express where the field is headed or where the new research areas are pointing. The last paragraph draws the paper to a close by restating that what you set out to do (end of introduction) you’ve done. References: Pick a style (most use a modified APA) stick with it and be consistent.