The initial post must include responses to all the questions in this discussion.
The initial post must include responses to all the questions in this discussion. Ms. A, age 35, was given a Pap test during a routine medical checkup. The test showed marked dysplasia of cervical cells but no sign of infection. Discuss the purposes and uses of diagnostic testing and how it applies in this scenario. Discuss how the following terms might apply to this scenario: prognosis, latent stage, remission, exacerbations, predisposing factors. Compare and contrast the various types of common cellular adaptations, focusing on dysplasia and the testing for this condition. Mrs. A’s baby girl, Baby C, who is 3 months old, has had severe watery diarrhea accompanied by fever for 24 hours. She is apathetic and responds weakly to stimulation. The condition has been diagnosed as viral gastroenteritis. List the major losses resulting from diarrhea and fever. List other signs or data that would provide helpful information. Explain several reasons why infants become dehydrated very quickly. Baby C was tested for PKU shortly after birth (as required by law), the results indicated toxic levels of phenylalanine breakdown products in the blood. Explain how dietary changes can affect the expression of PKU. Discuss the cause of the disease and the probable percentages of inheritance of the disease in children the couple might have in the future. Weekly Outcomes Weekly Objectives Relate alterations in structure and function of cells and tissue development. (CO 1) Trace the impact of alterations in defense mechanisms on homeostasis. (CO 2) Summarize the impact of altered defenses on the individual. (CO 3) Describe steps to achieve success in the course. Introduce pathophysiologic concepts and principles. Understand and use medical terminology when discussing pathophysiologic conditions. Discuss normal cell and tissue development and disease progression. Explain carcinogenesis, risk factors, stages of tumor development, and preventive strategies. Describe the process of cellular development and alterations based on external environmental and genetic factors. Explain how fluids and electrolytes are used by the body to adapt and maintain physiologic homeostasis. Apply growth and development principles as they relate to the impact of aging on normal pathophysiologic changes. Discuss the role genetics and aging plays in the process of cellular adaptation, mutation, and dysplasia. Main Topics and Concepts Sub-Concepts with Exemplar Introduction to Pathophysiology Fluid Electrolyte and Acid-Base Imbalances Alterations in Cell and Tissue Development Cellular Adaptation Cellular Injury Cellular Response to Aging Genetic Influences Neoplasms and Cancer Congenital and Genetic Disorders Pathological processes in structure and function Cancers and Genetic Influences Fluid and Electrolyte Imbalance: Dehydration Acid-Base Balance: Buffering Systems for Respiratory Versus Metabolic Imbalances Cellular Adaptation: Cellular dysplasia, hyperplasia, and injury Genetic Disorders: Cystic Fibrosis Growth and Development: Congenital Disorders Health Promotion: Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary Prevention

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