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Summary Table

Topic/Focus/Intervention

Outcomes Measured

Results/Key Findings

Notes: Gaps/Future Research

Factors discussed: legal, spiritual, ethical, cultural, financial, advantages, disadvantages

Areas of Nursing discussed: practice, administration, education, research, the profession as a whole

Zhang, Zhang, C., Han, X.-R., Li, W., & Wang, Y. (2018). Determinants of compassion satisfaction, compassion fatigue and burn out in nursing A correlative meta-analysis. Medicine (Baltimore)97(26), e11086–e11086.

Jining,China

Burn Out

Compassion Fatigue

Meta-analysis

in correlation for compassion fatigue and burnout

There was a strong positive correlation between compassion fatigue and burnout (r = 0.59),

weak correlation (correlation coefficient; r = 0.1–0.3); moderate correlation (r = 0.3–0.5); and strong correlation (r = 0.5–1.0)

11 studies in total

Compassion fatigue is found to be strongly positively associated with burnout, whereas, compassion satisfaction has inverse relationship with burnout

Emotional

Social

Practice

Research

Peters. (2018). Compassion fatigue in nursing: A concept analysis. Nursing Forum (Hillsdale)53(4), 466–480.

United States

Traumatic stress

Compassion satisfaction

Implications

Utilizes model cases/related cases

Many of the model cases exhibited common signs of compassion fatigue such as high stress, dissatisfaction, severe exhaustion, and inability to connect with others

Empirical methods utilized The Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL), which uses likert response from 0 to 5 (never to very often)

Psychosocial

Social work

Emotional

Practice

Administration

Home life

Vega, & Pope, V. (2019). How to overcome compassion fatigue. Nursing made Incredibly Easy!17(3), 52–54. https://doi.org/10.1097/01.NME.0000554598.89445.c0

Tennessee, United States

Compassion Fatigue implications

Basic Solutions

Overall model that can be utilized to preemptively identify signs of CF (compassion fatigue)

And what can be used as a solution

Breaks down solutions into three basic solutions involving debriefing following a traumatic accident, addressing the work-life balance and the need for strong support system, and the need for self-care

More knowledge required into how to effectively implement these solutions in work setting and empirical results to back them

Emotional

Psychosocial

Big focus on administration

And practice

Cao, Wang, L., Wei, S., Li, J., & Gong, S. (2021). Prevalence and predictors for compassion fatigue and compassion satisfaction in nursing students during clinical placement. Nurse Education in Practice51, 102999–102999.

China

Coping methods

Solutions

Prevalence

Nursing Students

The relationship between compassion fatigue and coping strategies, empathy, and resilience

study found that, the prevalence of high risk of CF in Chinese nursing students during clinical exposure was low

nurses with passive coping are prone to possess low self-efficacy, and cannot have self-confidence to deal with stressful events

Are all nursing student exempt from compassion fatigue? What are some risk factors that could further increase their risk? Further research needed

Emotional

Psychosocial

Disadvantages

Nursing student

Clinical exposure

Emotional and psychosocial coping

Research

Rajeswari, Sreelekha, B., Nappinai, S., Subrahmanyam, U., & Rajeswari, V. (2020). Impact of accelerated recovery program on compassion fatigue among nurses in South India. Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research25(3), 249–253. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijnmr.IJNMR_218_19

Iranian

Advanced recovery program

Viability?

ARP is a 5-week program based on an individualized standard treatment protocol in 5 sessions, each lasting 90–120 min. The program involves didactic and experiential training and is divided into 3 parts that have different focuses

experimental design 120 nurses from ICUs and emergency wards were recruited for the study through simple random sampling using lottery method. The nurses were randomly assigned to the intervention (60 nurses) and control groups (60 nurses)

They reported significant improvements in participants' self-compassion, mindfulness, and interpersonal conflict scores

Need further study on SNF tool and the correlation between the two

Advantages and disadvantages of tool

Administration

Education

Steinheiser. (2018). Compassion fatigue among nurses in skilled nursing facilities: Discoveries and challenges of a conceptual model in research. Applied Nursing Research44, 97–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apnr.201

8.10.002

MA, United States

Defines the ProQOL model is widely used to support compassion

fatigue research.

used to describe the positive and negative feelings associated with helping others who are suffering used to quantify satisfaction vs fatigue

Tool was found to have strength and weaknesses that called for a new model to be adapted

Many overlapping articles utilize this tool very clear on the exact mechanism and points being studied

Advantages

And disadvantages

Research

Thesis Statement: The issue posed by compassion fatigue has proven detrimental to the nursing professions and requires numerous changes to be implemented and adapted to address the psychological repercussions

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