RIM 490: Senior Capstone Final Research Paper Review of recommendations for the
RIM 490: Senior Capstone Final Research Paper Review of recommendations for the Draft: In order to write the final paper, you should have collected and included at least 10 peer reviewed journal articles at the time the Draft is recommended to submit for ongoing feedback. Once you have selected all 10 peer reviewed journal articles, I suggest you create at least a 1 page summary for each of the articles selected, noting what concepts or themes or theories were discussed on the topic, what themes you see discussed across the articles you researched, what methods are typically used to study the topic, which populations are included (across which geographic locations or institutions, if applicable), and what findings are significant to EACH of the 10 peer reviewed scholarly articles. If you were to do this for each article, then you would have 10 pages of written work to potentially use as you continue to write towards your final paper. Also, you would have the full citation provided using the EWU Library resources you receive access to for free as a student (if you need a refresher on this, schedule a time to chat with me -- it can make things a lot quicker for you). After the summaries, you would then move towards integrating or synthesizing (I hear students use both terms to help them conceptualize this process) the content from the 10 articles as you write your final paper. None of this is required but it was recommended for the DRAFT (see instructions) in order to give you insight into processes that work for most papers. If you have a different style, then no problem -- again, here to facilitate. Some of your 10 peer reviewed articles may have quantitative studies, some may have qualitative studies; your goal is to share in the paper what the articles found and discussed and how they studied the topic you're interested in --- try to consider it as simple as this when you're figuring out what to do next. The structure of your final paper may look different depending on the style used in the peer reviewed articles you selected and those peer reviewed articles may serve as your inspiration for structuring your own paper. Your FINAL paper might have the following included in it so the structure shown here is typical. All papers will have an Introduction and Conclusion; the body of the writing is going to be mostly a miniature literature review (your structure and style may vary a bit - which we can discuss if you would like to). If most of your peer reviewed articles are qualitative in nature then your structure might look different or have different subheadings (feel free to ask me if you want to discuss your articles). An introduction to your topic which should include an overview of your topic and what the reader should expect to learn in the upcoming pages. All papers have introductions however the specific formatting of your introduction may differ due to topic; consider emulating what you see in the articles you chose and reviewed for this final paper. (recommend approximately 1-2 pages) A miniature literature review you conducted which includes a minimum of 10 peer reviewed journal articles as primary sources; you can use secondary or others to contextualize your work. Standard literature reviews are far more lengthy (often 30 citations at minimum after reviewing close to 75+ citations to truly complete work for a research project). We are not doing this right now as it's not the goal. Your goal in this is to share what you learned from the peer reviewed articles you reviewed in an in depth manner and a major hurdle for students is identifying peer reviewed journal articles and learning to write about them in a way that informs their research design. If you would like to include non-academic resources, you’re welcome to discuss any of those sources and their relevance to your topic (especially in sections about community impact or application) however they are NOT peer reviewed scholarly source and if they are not considered such by the academic community then they do not count towards the 10 peer reviewed journal article minimum required here. It is recommended you aim for approximately 6-10 pages for a thorough miniature literature review + methods section of the final paper. You have flexibility to produce the quality you choose in sharing this work with me for this assignment. Your subheadings or sub-themes might include the following (these are suggestions; often qualitative articles written from critical paradigms do not follow this traditional outline however many students prefer this as it makes sense intuitively to them and examples often include similar structures): a. Theories and concepts used to study this topic (not all will have theories, but most do since we are testing theoretical application) b. Hypotheses used to study the topic (hypotheses look different across types of studies and the data collected) c. Methods used to study the topic (methods will vary across topics; this means you may have 4 out of 10 articles that use qualitative methods, 3 out of 10 articles that use quantitative methods, and 4 out of 10 articles that use mixed methods.... this is completely acceptable and normal within academic research --- each are pieces to the puzzle) d. Variables discussed or examined in previous studies (qualitative studies may not use the terminology 'variables' so consider a replacement here or the option of using thematic analysis instead) e. Major findings from all articles you included which should be 10 peer reviewed journal articles minimum Given the scholarly research you’ve conducted (using the 10 peer reviewed journal articles), please write an informed section on how would you study this topic moving forward. You can think of this as a proposed research design, which can be as simple as: "I would like to interview X population, here is why...." and "When I interview X population, here are the questions I plan to ask...." Somewhere in your paper you should propose a research design that is grounded in past literature (i.e., 10 articles discuss this in great length which you can use to inform your design --- studies are replicated ALL the time across new places or among new populations). You can also include in this which theory/concept you would apply to the way you hope to design this study, which can be an identified method you would use, data you would analyze - even if it's existing data. All are showing you know how to communicate in writing what design moving forward would be worthwhile to consider. This might include questions you would include in your survey or questions you would include if conducting interviews, but it does not have to include a full description of each and every question. Importantly, due to the pandemic, you DO NOT collect data or retrieve data on your own for this. Those are lengthier processes that require Institutional Review Board approval which we cannot do right now in this class and especially with the pandemic having changed much of this due to laws and ethics related to conducting research. (recommend approximately 1.5 pages - 3 pages) Why is this project important to your community (or a community)? For example, if you want to interview prisoners, why would your research and this overall topic be important to consider for the inmates, their families, those impacted by crimes committed. Community is a holistic term and you should be able to show that you think of more than just you and your research getting published; think about the impact or the application this might have.... another way to think of it is consider the implications for the research you reviewed and the design you just suggested -- what are the implications for that (which will be related to the community since we are dealing with humans and humans exist in a variety of communities across time and space). You might identify resources (news, local reports, organizations you’ve personally talked to) that validate the value of this research? What community stakeholders would be involved in the project? Think about getting it off the ground: who would you talk to, who would you include in preparation for the research, etc. (approximately 1/2 - half - page - 2 pages) A conclusion summarizing what you found in your research and any critical thoughts on what you would do to improve this research in the future. All papers have conclusions, especially anything formally published. Again, you are emulating structure and format of peer reviewed scholarly work so use that as an example since they are the more formalized versions of traditional papers, which again all have Introduction, Body, Conclusion. (approximately ½ page -1 pages) Requirements for Final Paper (I recommend you keep these in mind as you're conducting the work for this draft): For the ENTIRE paper: Minimum 10 pages double spaced, times new roman font, 1 inch margins Use titles and subtitles (one option is: introduction, literature review, hypotheses tested, methods used, previous results/findings, design you would propose or questions you would propose, community impact, conclusion). If you are writing a more qualitative topic you may not have hypotheses tested or data sets used because the review of the literature will be different due to the typical structure/writing style of qualitative studies varying a bit from your standard quantitative (or even mixed methods) studies. Sub-themes may look different than subtitles. There is no requirement for a formal Table of Contents or Title Page that some of you have learned along the way in order to create a formal paper. This varies depending on field, training, style, audience receiving/reviewing the writing. Even within Criminal Justice, there are formalities that vary across agencies and audiences. The goal is not how well you can format a Table of Contents for this assignment, though there are Grant Writing courses that might be better suited if this is something you wish to pursue. Basically, I am not requiring it for this course and I can facilitate your learning/finding resources on such formal topics upon request. Any citation style is accepted, it just must be a legitimate citation source. Academic citations are acceptable as long as they are consistent and listed alphabetically to fit a Resources or Works Cited page that correlates with the in-text citations you included. Personally, I emulate what I see when reviewing peer reviewed journal articles (each journal has their own citation style, so again, remember it's consistency and the same style that matter). Here is a source that we regularly use: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/mla_style/mla_style_introduction.html (Links to an external site.) In text citations typically use the author (and year, depending on method). If you are using another format this website provides resources for all: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/in_text_citations_the_basics.html (Links to an external site.)

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