PART 2: Research Report Introduction Draft This component is writing the (long)
PART 2: Research Report Introduction Draft This component is writing the (long) introduction. Your Introduction will be an essay based on the ideas you summarise for Part 1. An Introduction (to a research report) is longer than a normal paragraph intro to an essay. It is everything you read from the start of a journal article (just after the abstract) to the start of the method section (see any journal article for an example of this). You are writing an introduction that is an essay of 750 words. It is a research based essay (so will follow the general essay rules you have previously learnt) but it is argumentative - you will be arguing towards your hypotheses (what you think will happen in your experiment and why). An introduction to a research report will end with your hypotheses (this marks the transition point into the method – what the experiment actually did). The Introduction should include the following features: • An overview of the broad topic that you are addressing to the reader: What is the key research question and why does it matter? How will this research contribute to knowledge or help us to understand something better and why does that matter? Your introduction should define and explain your DV and explain what your IV is and how they might be related. • A brief literature review of relevant previous research (peer reviewed journal articles). Outline what has been previously found relating to your research question. But remember, you are doing this in such a way as to argue toward your hypotheses (what you expect to happen). Try and show, with evidence and argument, what you expect and why you expect what you do, as you go. • The introduction is setting up for your hypotheses – it must contain an argument that shows the reader why you are predicting what you are (sometimes called a justification). Why are your hypotheses the most likely ones (from analysis of the previous research and based on theory/reason)? • Finally, a statement of the overview of your research (what you will examine and how) and explicit statements of your hypotheses at the end of the Introduction. The Hypotheses are like a summary of what you have been arguing through the paper but must be written as testable scientific hypotheses (This will be covered in week 2). This introduction will be a marked draft. You will receive feedback and a grade in order to edit and improve your writing for the final full report. For the final report you will also respond to your marker’s comments with a statement of what you have done to improve the introduction (in final report - Part 3).

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