NR293PharmacologyConceptMapAsthma.pdf

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Albuteral
beta 2 adrenergic agonist
bronchodilator
Relax and dilate smooth muscle of the respiratory system.
Rescue or relief of bronchoconstriction caused by asthma trigger or reversible airway obstruction. Prevent exercise induced bronchospasm,
tremor, nausea, tachycardia, nervousness, Rhinitis
1 to 2 inhalations every 4 to 6 hours. 180 mcg is delivered with each puff. Prime the inhaler before first dose orif not used for 2 or more weeks.
use with spacer/aerochamber for full dosing. Assess before and after medication administration and document.Patient education
Hypersensitivity to the drug. Paradoxical bronchospasm-change medications. Deterioration of asthma-may need to add steroid or seek help.Use in caution with CV, HTN, seizures, hyperthyroidism, and DM (Vallerand, 2020)
Beta blockers block the effect. use with caution in non potassium sparing diuretics. May decrease the digoxin serum levels-use with caution.
Purpose of medicationSide effectsHow to administer medication-use a spacer. When to administer the reliever med (Red, Yellow, Green zone) Use a peak flow meter to assess need. When to call the MD
Decrease in wheezing and coughing. O2 sats greater than 95%Patient returns to green zone on peak flow meter
Pt in yellow or red zone.
Vallerand, A. (2020). Davis drug guide for nurses. F. A. Davis.
(Vallerand, 2020)

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