Hypothesis: There will be more observations of brown rats in areas with high population density of humans and within impervious areas. Introduction: Overview of urban ecology Content about the species of interest (e.g. relevant information on species' physiology, distribution, etc.) Content about the independent variables of interest (e.g. known influence on species of interest, or other species; predicted condition of factor in the future; etc.) hypothesis Results: Explanation of the results of your analyses What patterns did you find? Discuss any major trends. Use maps and graphs to represent your findings. Figures (graphs or maps) need fully explanatory captions of what is being displayed. The caption goes below for figures. And make sure that you use actual numbers from your results in the description — it should not be a vague description. maps and graphs provided in files also the references that need to be used and their value to the paper are provided as well Discussion: Discuss the results -- are your hypotheses supported or not? Provide biological explanation of all results. Use the literature to support your ideas. How do your results fit with previous studies done on this species? What is the significance of these results? Provide suggestions for future work that could be done to advance our knowledge on your topic . Make sure to cite research studies about your factor(s), your species, urbanization, as part of that discussion. — if you observe a pattern between your independent and dependent variable, do you think that the independent variable has a direct effect on the dependent variable? Or is there some other factor that relates to the independent variable that is likely have the effect on the dependent variable?