Discussion 1 1. What are the guidelines for critiquing theoretical and conceptua
Discussion 1 1. What are the guidelines for critiquing theoretical and conceptual frameworks? There are 7 key areas to consider when critiquing a conceptual framework. First, you should determine if the authors state which framework they used or if not, if this takes away from the research. You should then consider if the authors presented the framework in a way that the reader could understand and if it was an appropriate framework to use for the study. Also, you should consider how the framework was used and if it was used consistently. Last, you should consider how the framework guided the methodology of the research and if conclusions were analyzed in line with the framework (Polit & Beck, 2022). Sometimes, the authors will provide a visual of their conceptual framework, if they do not, it may be helpful when critiquing to draw it out based on their narrative of the framework (Northcentral University Library, 2022). 2. How are theories used in qualitative versus quantitative research? In qualitative research, theories are used for a variety of reasons. These include substantive theory, ideational theories, materialistic theories, grounded theory, and critical theory. These theories help researchers to conceptualize their work based on societal views, lived experiences of subjects, disregarding preconceived notions, etc. Some researchers have cautioned against relying too much on theory in qualitative research because it can limit the conclusions they are able to synthesize from their data (Collins & Stockton, 2018). In quantitative research, the researchers typically create a hypothesis to test from an existing theory. Additionally, quantitative researchers use a theory to organize their work rather than test the theory directly (Polit & Beck, 2022). References Collins, C. S. & Stockton, C. M. (2018). The central role of theory in qualitative research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 17(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F1609406918797475 Northcentral University Library. (2022, March 2). Defining the conceptual framework. Applied Doctoral Experience. https://library.ncu.edu/c.php?g=1013602&p=7661246 Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2022). Essentials of nursing research: Appraising evidence for nursing practice (10th ed.). Wolters Kluwer. Discussion 2 Not every door is wooden or a specific size, but every door has a frame. The frame holds the door in place, similarly, a framework within a study is the backbone of what is being researched. The research at hand may be based on a theory or a concept, in which case the frame of this study would be called a theoretical framework or a conceptual framework (Beck & Polit, 2017). When creating a frame for a door, the measurements are key to creating a successful entryway and explicitly noted, likewise, this may be more like qualitative research rather than quantitative research in describing the exact premise of the framework. With that said, if a framework is explicit, one can assess the information and decide if there is a connection between the question that is being posed as well as the theory to answer it. Following this further, one can also ask if there is a flow or enough information given to back their theory or if there is enough information given to the reader to give a valid opinion on the topic (Beck & Polit, 2017). For example, within this quantitative study that Muller et al., (2018) proposed, they based it on an existing theory of the key component of Parkinson’s disease was the oscillations within the basal ganglia which ranged in 13-30 Hz which directly correlates with symptom severity. Muller et al., (2018), developed a model to simulate brain stimulation to directly correlate these findings. In a qualitative study, it almost always has a theory present, and as Dombrowski et al., (2012) highlighted within the study, 2 major theoretical frameworks which were the common-sense self-regulation model as well as the theory domains framework which dealt with health care seeking behavior and relevant factors in theories of behavior, respectively. References: Dombrowski, S., Sniehotta, F., Mackintosh, J., White, M., Rodgers, H., & Thomson, R. et al. (2012). Witness Response at Acute Onset of Stroke: A Qualitative Theory-Guided Study. Plos ONE, 7(7), e39852. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039852 Müller, E., & Robinson, P. (2018). Quantitative theory of deep brain stimulation of the subthalamic nucleus for the suppression of pathological rhythms in Parkinson’s disease. PLOS Computational Biology, 14(5), e1006217. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006217 Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2017). Essentials of Nursing Research Appraising Evidence for Nursing Practice (9th ed). Wolters Kluwer Health.

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