Assignment: <Pick 2 different PRIMARY sources we have read so far in class.
Assignment: <
Pick 2 different PRIMARY sources we have read so far in class. They should be related in some way – either two perspectives on the same subject or something else that makes sense to compare. For example, you could choose “Social Order and Absolute Monarchy” and “What is the Third Estate?” to discuss two different perspectives on social order in pre-industrial France. <
First, summarize and contextualize each piece. Next, analyze these pieces (I have prepared some guidelines and helpful questions to ask below) and discuss what readings these two sources together tells us. It will be helpful to consider who is speaking in each source and how their perspective might influence the piece. Do they paint very different pictures of the same subject? Why might that be? Are there any similarities? How might each source be used to understand the larger context of the world in which they were created? How does reading the two together change your understanding of the topic? <
Your paper should have a main argument/thesis/conclusion that you developed reading these two documents together. That argument should be introduced in the first paragraph and supported using quotes and textual analysis of the primary sources. The paper should be 4-6 pages long, double spaced with 11-12 point font. <
Guidelines for Analyzing a Primary Source: <
Context of the Source: What type of document is the source? What historical event produced this source? Who produced it? When was it produced? Why was it produced? Does the source have a particular bias or agenda? If so, what is it? Who is the imagined audience of the source? Who is the writer writing for? <
Content of the Source: What is the major point or meaning of the source in its context? Keep in mind that the source may mean something different to the modern reader than it did in the time it was produced. Is the source making an argument? What is the nature of the argument? Who or what is the source trying to persuade? What is the author’s tone? Does the tone change within the document? Is the source making an observation as opposed to an argument? How does the author organize the argument or observation? <
Language and Rhetoric of the Source: Very often one’s choice of words is very deliberate and this applies to primary sources as well. What words does the author employ? What effect do these words have? <
Imagery: Does the author use imagery? Is it effective? <
Reliability of the Source: Is there a reason the source should not be trusted? Does it have certain political or social motivations? <
Historical Significance: Why is this source historically significant? What does this source tell us about the past? <
General History Paper Writing Information: <
Guidelines for citation of sources: <
*Note: my preferred citation style is Chicago, which uses footnotes (, however if you’re already familiar with a citation style it doesn’t make sense for you to learn a whole new one just for one course. So you can use whatever official citation style you are most comfortable (Chicago, MLA, APA, etc) with as long as it is consistent. Most style guides are available online.* <
1. Using footnotes <
Wherever you refer to information that you found in a source, attach a footnote to that sentence in your paper. In corresponding footnotes either at the bottom of the page or at the end of the paper, provide the author, title, and publication information (or web address) for the source. Your sources from the Shaping the Modern World textbook would use the citation methods for a chapter or essay within an edited book. All direct quotations need to be footnoted, but also any information that you learned about in a primary or secondary source. Create a “Works Cited” heading at the end of the paper using Chicago Manual of Style citation methods for a chapter or essay within an edited book. The format of your “Works Cited” section will be slightly different from the footnotes. <
2. Using parentheses <
Cite the source you used directly after the sentence, in parentheses, and before the period. Only cite the author's name and page number. Provide a longer citation for each source under a “Works Cited” heading at the end of the paper.

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