1. Read A Brief History of Japan : Chapter 7 p173-195 and answer the following q
1. Read A Brief History of Japan : Chapter 7 p173-195 and answer the following questions. 1) In 1853, Who came to Japan with "Black ships" American warships to request the opening of Japanese ports to American trade? 2) Describe the contents of the Treaty of Kanagawa. (p176) 3) Describe the contents of another Treaty of Amity and Commerce ( unequal treaty) negotiated by the consul Townsend Harris. (p176-177) 4) The Japanese reacted to those impositions in a variety of ways. What was the reaction of the educator Fukuzawa Yukichi, a former Confucian scholar and "Dutch studies" expert, who returned from a fact-finding trip to Europe and the U.S? (p177) 5) Describe briefly the reactions of anti-foreigners? (P178-179) 6) Describe briefly the most famous incident against foreigners that occurred at Namamugi on September 14, 1862 (p180) 7) a. As the result of the incident above, what did the British Government demand of the Shogunate? P180-181) b. What was the reaction of the emperor? (181) c. What was the reaction of the samurai of the Choshu domain? (p181-182) 8) As a result of the defeat of the samurai in Satsuma and Choshu against foreign force, they decided to adopt the technology and tactics of their enemies. How did they do? (p183) 9) Describe who and how they overturned the Shogunate (Edo Bakufu).(P183-184) 10) Describe the content of a Five-Chatter Oath. (p184-185) 11) The Five-Chatter Oath might have appeared to have a notion of universal democracy but the actual reforms were not. Describe why the reforms were still similar to the old order.(p186-187) 12) Describe Meiji Enlightenment (p190-191) 13) Describe three Zaibaitsu companies and how they developed (p194-195) 2. Read Chapter 8 and answer the following questions. 1) How did western imperialism promote Japanese imperialism? (p196-202) 2) Describe the Anglo-Japanese Treaty of Commerce and Navigation? (P202) 3) Why did the British sign the treaty? (P202) 4) How US president Theodore Roosevelt reward Japan with a peace treaty with Russia in 1905 (P203-204) 5) How was Japan's quest for acceptance to the ranks of the imperialist powers bearing fruit in 1910 and 1911?(p204-205) 6) On P208 Konoe argued, as did many of his rivals, that for Japan to fully participate in a peaceful international, diplomatic council like the League of Nations, it needed to be an equal participant. This meant not only the suspension of the unequal treaties and extraterritoriality, which Japan had already achieved, but also freedom of movement for Japanese migrants into California and Austria where they were currently forbidden, and free trade for Japanese goods into other countries, where they were often subjected to import restrictions. Even he quoted from the American Declaration of Independence that "All men are created equal". 7) What was the reaction of the British delegate, Arthur Balfour to Konoe's statement? (p208) 8) Why didn't Europe and America grant Japan free movement of trade? (p208-209) 9) Discuss your opinions or thoughts on Konoe's argument and the reaction of Europe and America. 10) What were the motivations for Japan's Pan-Asianism? (p209-210) 11) What is the policy of Military sympathizers to control the government? (p210) 12) Describe Emperor Showa's action against the military? (p210-211) 13) Why did Japan leave the League of Nations? (P211) 14) How did the Japanese military gain political power by1936? (p212) 15) How was the celebration of the 2600th anniversary of the funding of the Japanese state in 1940 significant to promoting the war effort by the military government? (P213) 16) What led to the invasion of Southeast Asia in July 1941? (p213) 17) Why did Japan attack "Pearl Harbor"? (p214) 18) Describe the counterattack by the U.S. (p215) 19) Discuss two things that sparked your interest regarding chapters 7 & 8.

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